What is Hypertension

hypertension-high blood pressure.jpg

Millions of Americans are diagnosed with hypertension every day. It seems like every second older adult is talking about it, but what does it mean to have/or be diagnosed with hypertension?

In simple words hypertension is a high blood pressure, what does it mean exactly is, that the force of the blood against your artery walls is too high. There are two types of hypertension:

  • Primary (essential) hypertension - develops gradually over the years.
  • Secondary hypertension - caused by underlying conditions and tends to appear suddenly.

According to Mayo Clinic article there are some underlying causes of hypertension such as: 

  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Kidney problems
  • Adrenal gland tumors
  • Thyroid problems
  • Certain defects in blood vessels you're born with (congenital)
  • Certain medications, such as birth control pills, cold remedies, decongestants, over-the-counter pain relievers and some prescription drugs
  • Illegal drugs, such as cocaine and amphetamines
  • Alcohol abuse or chronic alcohol use.

There are 6 known signs and symptoms of hypertension, however these symptoms may not necessarily be the outlining cause of hypertension, but it's a good practice to know about them:

  1. headache
  2. Blurred Vision
  3. Dizziness
  4. Shortness of Breath
  5. Chest Pain
  6. Heart Attack

If you experience one of these symptoms, please bring these concerns to your doctor. As early treatment and management of hypertension is essential to healthier outcome and better lifestyle.